Bordeaux wine is a French wine produced in the wine region of the same name, located in the Gironde.
It is a red wine that can be white or rosé.
Bordeaux wine is the best known and most famous of French wines.
There are many different grape varieties to make Bordeaux wine. Let's see how to choose your Bordeaux wine, which grape varieties are the best and which appellations are the best.
How is Bordeaux wine produced?
The Bordeaux wine is a product that is an integral part of French cultural and historical heritage. It is a noble product, which is an alcoholic drink made from a mixture of fermented grapes and grape must (juice).
There are different types of wine: red, dry white, rosé, sweet and cream.
The term "wines" refers to all products made from grape varieties present in France.
Bordeaux wines are red wines made from the Merlot or Cabernet Sauvignon grape variety.
They have a very deep colour with purple to black highlights.
Their aromas are rich in tannins with various spicy, fruity and woody notes depending on the type of soil, the vintage and the blend used to make the Bordeaux. Bordeaux wines are known to be robust and structured with a good cellar ageing potential thanks to the Cabernet Franc (50% minimum).
When Merlot is in the majority in the composition of a blend, it will be softer, whereas if Cabernet Sauvignon dominates, it will be richer in tannin, which gives it a higher ageing capacity than 50%.
What is the difference between red and white Bordeaux wine?
Bordeaux white wine is a wine made from black grapes, i.e. grapes that are not pressed to make juice.
It is a blend of several grape varieties: Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Muscadelle.
Bordeaux red wine is obtained by direct pressing of the grapes: the skins and pips are removed from the must. The must is then fermented before being aged in barrels for an average of 12 to 15 months. This fermentation is done thanks to the natural yeasts present on the grape skins. Before bottling, this type of wine undergoes carbonic maceration to extract the tannins and obtain a deeper colour.
The blending of grape varieties is difficult because each has its own aromatic profile (red fruits, exotic fruits, floral notes?).
Which typical Bordeaux wine variety is Merlot?
Merlot is the typical grape variety of Bordeaux wine.
It is very widespread in France and throughout the world. Indeed, it is present in about sixty countries and represents 50% of the Bordeaux wine production.
Merlot is a grape variety that produces wines with great volume, intense aroma and soft tannins.
It adapts perfectly to the climate, hot and dry in summer and cool in winter.
Merlot makes elegant, tannic but easy-drinking red wines during the first three years after harvest. However, wines made from Merlot can be more complex and difficult to store than those made from other grapes.
What is the most famous vintage of Bordeaux wine?
The Bordeaux wine is the most famous in the world.
It is one of the best wines of the appellation, just like Châteauneuf-du-Pape.
The Bordeaux wine has a very ancient history dating back to the Middle Ages. In the 13th century, it was already renowned for its long-lasting properties and its taste, which was much appreciated by royal courtiers. In 1855, the first official classification of Bordeaux wines was created. It identified the different appellations and the great wines that have made the Bordeaux region famous for nearly 200 years.
The main appellations: - The Bordeaux appellation is the best known and most prestigious in France. - The appellation Saint Emilion is one of the first great classified growths of Bordeaux.- The appellation Pomerol is among the best French appellations.- The appellation Margaux can be qualified as an excellent growth.- The appellation Haut-Médoc is a great growth classified in 1855.- The appellation Graves is among the best French appellations.- The appellation Saint Julien is an excellent growth but cannot be considered as a great growth.The great classified growths are : - Château Lafite Rothschild (1868) - Château Latour (1887) - Château Margot (1908) The other grands crus are: - Château Beychevelle (1975) - Château Figeac (1982)- Chateau Palmer (1990)-Chateau Palmer La Closerie des Millésimes is your privileged partner to invest in this buoyant wine market.
Under what conditions should Bordeaux wine be stored and served?
Bordeaux wine is a grape variety that is widely cultivated in France, particularly in the Bordeaux region. This wine is characterised by its high alcohol content and its purple colour.
It must be stored in optimal conditions to ensure a long shelf life.
The ideal temperature is between 10°C and 13°C, while the shelf life can be up to 20 years.
When you choose to enjoy a good glass of claret, you should make sure that the bottle is always fresh, whether or not it has been stored in the refrigerator. However, if you have a quiet, dark place to store your bottle, this condition will not be necessary (cellar, storeroom). Finally, you should not forget that red wine is a natural product that matures slowly. In order for it to keep its optimal quality and to claim a long conservation, it must be stored in suitable conditions: air-conditioned or non-air-conditioned cellar. If the conditions are respected (constant temperature), the Bordeaux wine will have an excellent shelf life of up to 15 years or more!
Which Bordeaux wine goes best with a red meat dish?
You are a great lover of Bordeaux and you want to buy a good bottle to accompany your meal.
You have decided to take the time to go to the place with family or friends and taste several wines, but which one will be the perfect match for your dish? We will try to answer this question based on gustatory and qualitative criteria.
The visual aspect The first element that one notices when choosing a wine is its visual aspect. Indeed, it is important to have a good eye to distinguish the main characteristics of the wine: its colour, its brightness, the type of tannins (astringency) and its sparkling aspect (effervescence). However, colour should not be the only element to remember.
The presence of white marks on the cap or in the glass should also be observed.
The presence of such traces may indicate that the wine has been oxidised and therefore spoilt by the oxygen in the air. Finally, do not hesitate to rotate the bottle so that the aromas are fully expressed.
The smell Once the bottle has been opened, it is immediately obvious whether the smell of the wine corresponds to the consumer's expectations: fruity, woody, peppery or even animal? However, some people are more sensitive to floral aromas, while others are more attracted to fruity or woody aromas.
Bordeaux wine is the best known French wine, and one of the best known in the world. The Bordeaux region is France's main wine-producing region, with about 70 % of the national production. However, in the 1990s, it lost its leading position in the French wine market. However, it is still the leading producer of still wines and the second for sparkling wines.